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TOEFL-Test of English as a Foreign Language

What is TOEFL?

TOEFL, which stands for the Test of English as a Foreign Language, serves as an English proficiency assessment for students aspiring to pursue studies in English-speaking countries. Administered by ETS (Educational Testing Services), TOEFL evaluates candidates on all four essential academic English skills: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing.

The TOEFL exam is available in two formats: the computer-delivered method known as TOEFL iBT (internet-based test) and the traditional paper-based test. In response to evolving circumstances, ETS has introduced the TOEFL Home Edition, allowing students to take the exam safely from the comfort of their homes.

TOEFL scores find wide acceptance among American and Canadian universities, as well as various educational institutions around the world, making it a preferred choice for students aiming for global education opportunities. The flexibility of test formats, including the at-home option, adds convenience for test-takers in their pursuit of academic excellence.


Students aspiring to study abroad often opt for TOEFL. If you are seeking higher education from an overseas university, taking the TOEFL exam is a crucial step. Successfully qualifying in the TOEFL exam not only broadens scholarship opportunities but also facilitates the smooth completion of visa application procedures.

For numerous Indian students, the TOEFL exam is a top choice among English language tests. Moreover, TOEFL scores are widely accepted by over 11,000 institutions and universities worldwide, including countries such as the USA, UK, and New Zealand for admission purposes.

Functioning as a comprehensive assessment tool, the TOEFL test evaluates a student’s proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and listening in the English language. It serves as a key determinant for academic readiness in an English-speaking academic environment.

  • University Admission: Thousands of universities worldwide accept TOEFL scores as proof of English language skills for undergraduate and graduate programs.
  • Scholarship Opportunities: Many scholarships for studies abroad require achieving a specific TOEFL score.
  • Immigration and Professional Licensing: Some countries and professions may require demonstrating English proficiency through TOEFL.
  • Self-Evaluation: The test offers insights into your strengths and weaknesses in academic English.

Types of TOEFL Exams:

  • TOEFL iBT (Internet-based Test): Most popular format, assesses all four skills (reading, listening, speaking, writing) in a computer-based format.
  • TOEFL Paper-Based Test (PBT): Offered in limited locations, uses paper format for all sections.
  • TOEFL Home Edition: Take the iBT format from your home with secure online proctoring.

1. TOEFL iBT (Internet-based Test):

  • Most popular format accepted by most universities worldwide.
  • Computer-based test measuring all four English skills:
    • Reading: 3 passages (academic texts and lectures) with 10 questions each (60 minutes).
    • Listening: 6 lectures/conversations with 6 questions each (60 minutes).
    • Speaking: 4 tasks – 2 independent (monologues) and 2 integrated (response to prompts based on reading/listening) (20 minutes).
    • Writing: 2 essays – 1 integrated (response to a reading and listening passage) and 1 independent (argumentative essay) (60 minutes).
  • Scores range from 0 to 120.
  • Testing time is approximately 3 hours.

2. TOEFL Paper-Based Test (PBT):

  • Offered in limited locations.
  • Uses paper booklets for all sections.
  • Structure similar to iBT but with slight variations in question types and number.
  • Scores range from 200 to 580.
  • Testing time is approximately 3 hours.
  • Less widely accepted than iBT.

3. TOEFL Home Edition:

  • Same format and content as iBT.
  • Taken from your own home with secure online proctoring.
  • Requires specific technical set-up and a secure testing environment.

Choosing the format:

  • Consider your comfort level with computers and testing format.
  • Check which format is accepted by your desired universities or institutions.
  • Research test center availability and costs for in-person exams.

TOEFL Eligibility:

  • Anyone can take the TOEFL, regardless of nationality or education level.
  • No age restrictions.
  • Registration required through ETS (Educational Testing Service).

Additional resources:

Most Frequently Asked Questions

This depends on the requirements of your desired university or institution. Generally, scores above 90 are considered competitive for graduate programs, while scores above 100 are often expected for top universities.

 The current registration fee for the TOEFL iBT is $215, with variations for other formats and locations.

There are many resources available, including official ETS practice materials, online courses, and textbooks. Taking practice tests and familiarizing yourself with the test format is crucial.

Yes, you can retake the TOEFL as many times as you want. However, there is a minimum 12-day waiting period between test attempts.

Practice reading academic texts and passages under timed conditions.

 Focus on academic vocabulary related to science, history, and other academic fields.

Look for keywords, transitions, and supporting details.

Listen to academic lectures and podcasts regularly.

The accents vary but may include American, British, and other international accents.

Use abbreviations and keywords to capture key points.

Participate in discussions with native speakers and record yourself speaking to analyze your fluency and pronunciation

Provide an organized answer with clear details and examples.

 Practice speaking in front of others and visualize yourself succeeding in the speaking section.

Use a clear thesis statement, strong supporting arguments, and proper grammar and mechanics.

 Allocate time for planning, writing, and proofreading.

The topics often relate to academic, personal, or social issues.

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